You are currently viewing What Are The Common Eye Conditions That Affect Cornea?

What Are The Common Eye Conditions That Affect Cornea?

Human eyes are an integral part of their existence. It demands additional precautions and cares to help people see the world forever. Unfortunately, as one age, their vision starts deteriorating. There can be many factors leading to poor eyesight, including diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, accidental trauma, and poor diet plan.

The cornea is a crucial part of the eye. It helps the eye focus on an object and causes the involuntary reflex for the eyelids to close. A healthy cornea is very important for a clear vision.

It consists of a highly ordered group of cells and proteins with vital nerve endings. The eye’s transparent front part covers the pupil, iris, and anterior eye chamber. The cornea’s transparency allows refracting the right amount of light in the right direction; a slight change in this consistency may cause altered vision. If transparency lessens, blurred vision can result.

Here are the five common conditions that impact the cornea and how you can identify the right treatment for it.


We all have experienced allergy in the eyes at some point in life. Typically, eye allergy gets triggered due to one of the following factors:

  • Indoor allergens like dust, mold, and dander
  • Outdoor allergens like pollens
  • Irritants like smoke and perfume

Symptoms include itchiness, redness, burning sensation, water discharge from the eyes, swelling, and puffiness in the eyes. A foreign body sensation may also cause allergy in which your body feels there is something in your eyes even if there is not.

Treatment includes medicines and eye drops prescribed by a certified eye specialist after thoroughly examining your condition.

Dry eyes or ocular surface disease

Dry eyes are one of the most common problems experienced by most people using laptops and mobile phones for a prolonged period. When the eye no longer produces enough tears or the quality of tears necessary to maintain eye health deteriorates, it gets difficult to perform everyday activities, causing pain and discomfort in the eye.

Symptoms include redness, itchiness, hazy vision, or burning sensation in the eye.

Treatment: The treatment procedure depends on the individual case. However, the treatment options include medicines, eye drops, punctual plugs, eye surgery, lipiflow, intense pulsed light therapy, and blinking exercises.

Eye Infections

Eye infections can affect one or both eyes and can affect any part of it. To maintain its transparency, unlike most other tissues in the body, the cornea does not contain blood vessels, which puts the cornea at a particular disadvantage when it comes to fighting infections. Conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers are the two most common eye infections, severely affecting vision.

Symptoms: Redness, itching, swelling, water discharge, pain, or distorted vision.

Treatment: Depending on the patient’s case severity, the doctor may suggest eye drops, creams, gels, or antibiotics. In case of severe infection, one should immediately consult our eye specialist for cornea treatment in Mumbai to prevent vision loss.

Corneal Dystrophies

Surprisingly, there are more than 20 different types of corneal dystrophies – each one affecting different parts of the cornea. Corneal dystrophy causes one or more pieces of the cornea’s regular clarity to change due to a change in its shape or an increase in cloudy-like material within the eye. Dystrophy is often inherited and may affect both eyes.

Symptoms: Symptoms vary depending on the type of dystrophy. Some cause severe visual impairment, while others are diagnosed during regular check-ups, as they show little to no symptoms in the early stages. Still, other dystrophies are periodic and cause pain from time to time, but it doesn’t cause permanent vision loss.

Treatment: A cornea transplant is the most effective treatment solution to cure corneal dystrophy. However, doctors first prescribe eye drops, medications, and antibiotics.

Looking for the best cornea specialist in Mumbai? Get in touch with our expert doctors at Clear Vision.