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What Are The Treatment Options for Corneal Disease?

The cornea refers to the clear tissue at the front and centre of your eyes. The transparency of the cornea permits light to pass into the eye, through the pupil, lens, and retina at the eye’s back. Cornea disease affects the transparent layer that protects your eye from dust, bacteria, and debris from getting inside your eye. Over time, your vision can get cloudy and blurry.

Some of the major symptoms of the corneal disease include:

  • Watery eyes

  • Dry eyes

  • Glare

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Painful eyesight

  • Feeling that something is present inside your eyes

  • Corneal erosions – A condition in which the front layer (the epithelium tissue) detach from the rest of the cornea.

How to diagnose Corneal Dystrophies?

Often, the corneal dystrophies are diagnosed during your routine checkups. Our cornea specialist in Mumbai utilizes a special tool called slit lamp microscope which allows the doctor to see any abnormal deposits inside the eyes. Also, if there is a family history of eye condition, make sure you bring it to your doctor’s knowledge.

Treatment Options

  1. Medications: During the initial stage of any eye condition, your doctor will prescribe specialized eye drops to address mild symptoms. Such eye drops can help people with lattice dystrophy, Fuch’s dystrophy, Keratitis, and various mild infections. Depending on the patient’s condition, the doctor might also prescribe a few ointments and medicines.

  2. Contact Lenses: The ophthalmologist can recommend special contact lenses to the patients diagnosed with Keratoconus or Corneal Dystrophies. If the patient’s condition gets severe, transplantation or laser surgery can also be suggested under the expertise of cornea specialist in Santacruz.

  3. Transplantation: Different forms of Corneal Dystrophies are treated by removing the cornea and replacing it. The treatment is best-suited on patients suffering from the iridocorneal endothelial syndrome, keratoconus, lattice dystrophy, and many such deformities. In this procedure, your cornea specialist removes the existing cornea using an instrument called trephine and replace it with a donated cornea utilizing an extremely thin suture.

  4. Crosslinking: Corneal Dystrophy can also be treated using corneal crosslinking. This procedure employs Ultraviolet rays to delay the further deterioration of corneal tissue in keratoconus. However, this treatment is not an excellent option for patients who have reached an advanced stage of the condition.

  5. Laser Therapy: It is one of the most-effective, safe, and faster procedure to correct corneal dystrophies. The laser beam destroys any irregular or abnormal tissue and allows the body to replace it naturally. The laser therapy works best with patients where only the cornea’s surface layer needs correction.

Before you opt for any of the treatments mentioned above, visit our Clear Vision Clinic in Mumbai. Our expert cornea specialist doctors in Mumbai and the team will examine your overall health condition to prepare the best-suited treatment for individual patients. Book your appointment today.