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Cataract: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Cataract: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A cataract is a common medical condition, especially in older adults. It is the clouding of the eye lens that can cause blurred vision, turning it yellow or brown. Cataracts interfere with daily activities, and if left untreated, they can lead to blindness. They can be treated effectively with surgery. Clear vision is a hospital renowned for providing the best Cataract Surgery in Mumbai.  

What Causes Cataract?

Aging is the most common cause. As one ages, the proteins in the lenses break down, making them rigid and cloudy. Given below are some other conditions that can accelerate cataracts:

  • Inflammation of the iris
  • Trauma
  • Radiation therapy
  • Disorders like hypothyroidism and atopic dermatitis
  • Overproduction of antioxidants
  • Genetic diseases like Down’s, Wilson’s, Homocystinuria, Myotonic Dystrophy, etc

What Are The Symptoms of Cataract?

The most prevalent symptom of a cataract is a vision change. Other symptoms may include the following:

  • Blurring, double vision
  • Difficulty focusing on close objects
  • Loss of contrast sensitivity
  • The dull appearance of colors
  • Need for brighter light
  • Reduced night vision

How can cataracts be treated?

Cataract surgery is the only method that can cure cataracts completely. This surgical procedure involves removing and replacing the eye’s natural lens with an artificial one, usually made from synthetic material. It is typically done as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia, but conscious sedation or general anesthesia may be used. Given below are the three different types of cataract surgeries:


Phacoemulsification is a type of cataract surgery that breaks the eye’s lens into smaller pieces to be removed. It is the most common technique used to remove cataracts completely and restore good vision.

Extracapsular Cataract Extraction 

Extracapsular cataract surgery is a technique that removes the lens from the inside of the eye without removing it from the front of the eye. It’s an outpatient procedure, and recovery time is usually less than a week. This surgery is used in the case of highly advanced cataracts.

Intracapsular Cataract Surgery

Intracapsular cataract surgery is large-incision cataract surgery in which the opacified lens is removed completely. This surgery is performed when the complete lens and surrounding area are damaged.

At Clear Vision, we make sure that every patient receives the best treatment and care. We have a great team of well-qualified doctors who attend to patients in a very professional yet personalized way. In addition, we are well equipped with the latest technology to cater to the needs of your eyes. So if you are in need of the best Cataract Surgery in Mumbai, contact us today.